Thursday, 21 June 2018

Terahertz, RF, Millimeter, and Submillimeter-Wave Technology and Applications XII @ Photonics West 2019

Abstract Due:
25 July 2018

Author Notification:
1 October 2018

Manuscript Due Date:
9 January 2019
Conference Chairs
Program Committee
  • René Beigang, Technische Univ. Kaiserslautern (Germany)
  • Jianji Dong, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
  • Frank Ellrich, Technischen Hochschule Bingen (Germany)
  • Fabian Friederich, Fraunhofer-Institut für Physikalische Messtechnik (Germany)
  • Robert H. Giles, Univ. of Massachusetts Lowell (United States)
  • R. Jennifer Hwu, InnoSys, Inc. (United States)
Program Committee continued...
  • Mona Jarrahi, Univ. of California, Los Angeles (United States)
  • J. Anthony Murphy, National Univ. of Ireland, Maynooth (Ireland)
  • Créidhe O'Sullivan, National Univ. of Ireland, Maynooth (Ireland)
  • Kyung Hyun Park, Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (Korea, Republic of)
  • Alessia Portieri, TeraView Ltd. (United Kingdom)
  • Jinghua Teng, Institute of Materials Research and Engineering (IMRE) (Singapore)
  • Michael Weibel, Joint Research and Development, Inc. (United States)
  • Jiangfeng Zhou, Univ. of South Florida (United States)
Call for
This conference brings together researchers and engineers from academia, industry, and government laboratories to explore and present work in the frequency range covering approximately less than 1 GHz (300 mm) to greater than 3 THz (100 μm) as well as infra-red including near, mid and far infrared. Papers on RF and millimeter and infrared technology including advances in wireless communications, radar, lidar, microwave and mm-wave photonics, metamaterials, antennas, phased array radar, modulation, security, monitoring, detection, imaging are encouraged. Papers in photonic-related fields including, but not limited to, radio over fiber (RoF) RF photonics including photonic generation of microwave signals, photonic processing of microwave signals, and photonic distribution of microwave signals and semiconductor (including Si, SiC, SOI, GaAs, GaN, InP, SiGe, diamond, graphene and other materials) RF, mm-wave and terahertz devices and related applications are also encouraged, as well as the hybrid photonic systems and applications. Terahertz (THz) technology deals with the generation and utilization of electromagnetic energy covering what is also known as the sub-millimeter wave region of the spectrum. In this region, which lies between the millimeter wave and far infrared spectral regions, materials exhibit properties that can be exploited to advantage for use over a broad range of important technologies and applications. Papers on terahertz photonics including photonic generation and detection of terahertz waves to/or infrared, THz to/or infrared lasers are also encouraged. 

This conference includes low- to high-power sources, detectors, amplifiers, systems, including both photonic and electronic modulated sources, detectors, and systems as well as nanodevices, nanomaterials, nanotechnology, nanostructures, etc. At THz frequencies, the primary difficulty encountered by scientists and engineers working in this field is the lack of convenient and affordable sources and detectors of terahertz radiation, but this difficulty is gradually changing as new sources and improved detectors are being developed as the technology continues to mature and broaden. At RF and millimeter frequencies, more and more hybrid systems are being integrated with photonic devices that enhance the functions, specifications and stabilities tremendously compared to their traditional counterpart systems. The purpose of this conference is to gather scientists and engineers from a diverse set of disciplines, who are interested in either learning more about terahertz and sub-millimeter and millimeter wave and RF technology and related and coupled technologies, or who are contributing to the field through their own research, development, or manufacturing activities. 

This conference also includes hybrid technologies including, for example, microwave to THz wearable devices of any type and form as well as microwave to THz communications and data links, Artificial intelligence in microwave toThz imaging, etc. 

Disciplines utilizing terahertz technology include physical chemistry (certain molecules or molecular segments exhibit strong resonances in the 10 cm-1 to 100 cm-1 spectral region), military, and homeland security (terahertz radiation can penetrate clothing and packing materials but is reflected by metals and other materials), biomedical technology (tissue exhibits reflection and absorption properties that change dramatically with tissue characteristics), medical and dental, secure short-distance wireless communications (atmospheric water content prevents terahertz radiation from traveling very far), astronomy (the cold background of the universe exhibits a peak in this spectral region), space communications (where the terahertz region is wide open for use) and other disciplines where new, yet-to-be-discovered applications will undoubtedly come forth. Since the low energy associated with terahertz radiation is expected to be no more harmful than infrared or microwave radiation, safety issues are not expected to limit the use of terahertz radiation at low-power levels. 

Papers on power supplies and electronic power conditioners and associated power protection systems including energy-efficient power supplies are also encouraged. 

Papers are solicited in the following and related areas: 

Terahertz sources
  • solid-state sources, electron-beam sources, vacuum electronics sources, frequency mixers, frequency multipliers, parametric oscillators, hybrids, graphene, FET and HEMT sources, gas lasers, quantum cascade lasers and related sources, p-germanium sources, photoconductive switches, resonant tunneling diodes, backward wave oscillators
  • novel stabilized photonic THz sources
  • fabrication processes
  • high bandwidth devices, structures, sources, detectors, sensors, etc.
  • wearables
  • systems and systems integration.
RF, sub-millimeter-wave and millimeter-wave sources
  • power sources of all types in the range of 1 GHz to 300 GHz and 300 GHz and higher (i.e. from S-band to the higher end of the millimeter-wave frequencies and all of the sub-millimeter-wave frequency region)
  • novel stabilized photonic RF, millimeter-wave, sub-millimeter-wave sources.
  • bolometers and other thermal detectors, Schottky and other mixers, thermopiles, quantum devices, antenna integrated detectors, heterodyne detection techniques, hybrid detection, direct detection techniques
  • transistor-based detectors including graphene, silicon, III-V, II-VI, nitride-based, etc.
  • theoretical modeling
  • novel detectors.
High-power sources, modules, and systems
  • THz, RF, millimeter-wave and sub-millimeter-wave high power sources
  • THz, RF, millimeter-wave and sub-millimeter-wave modules
  • THz, RF, millimeter-wave and sub-millimeter-wave systems
  • power supplies and support circuits, electronics, optoelectronics, systems.
Terahertz, RF, millimeter-wave, and sub-millimeter-wave passive components
  • optics, lenses, gratings, waveguides, photonic crystal structures and metamaterials, couplers, wire guides, other components.
Materials for THz and GHz devices
  • linear and nonlinear optical materials and devices
  • organic and inorganic source and modulator materials and devices
  • RF, millimeter-wave and sub-millimeter-wave materials, devices and fabrication processes
  • THz and/or GHz material systems
  • silicon (Si)-based
  • silicon carbide (SiC)-based
  • silicon-on-insulator (SOI)-based
  • gallium arsenide (GaAs)-based
  • gallium nitride (GaN)-based
  • indium phosphide (InP)-based
  • silicon germanium (SiGe)-based
  • quantum dot-(QD) based including for QDs for sensors, detectors and sources
  • diamond-based
  • graphene-based
  • other-based.
Enhancements, improvements and advances in RF, millimeter-wave and sub-millimeter wave generation, modulation and detection
  • RF, millimeter-wave and sub-millimeter-wave integrated photonic devices
  • RF, millimeter-wave and sub-millimeter-wave and photonic integration process development
  • RF, millimeter-wave and sub-millimeter-wave performance characterization
  • phased-array and single-element photonically-driven antennas
  • phased-array and single-element antennas, systems, concepts, approaches
  • low-Vp and wide-bandwidth modulators
  • direct-driven millimeter-wave lasers and amplifiers
  • millimeter-wave, sub-millimeter and THz photonic crystal devices and applications
  • RF, millimeter-wave, sub-millimeter-wave and THz photonic up- and down-converters
  • photonic phase locked loops
  • RF, millimeter-wave, sub-millimeter-wave, and THz MMICs
  • wearables
  • RF, millimeter-wave, sub-millimeter-wave, high power solid-state and electronic vacuum devices.
Simulations and modeling
  • simulations and/or modeling of RF devices, components, and/or systems
  • simulations and/or modeling of millimeter-wave devices, components, and/or systems
  • simulations and/or modeling of sub-millimeter-wave devices, components, and/or systems
  • simulations and/or modeling of THz devices, components, and/or systems
  • modeling of optical components, optical systems, imaging systems, wave propagation, modes, Gaussian beam characteristics, couplers, antennas, performance limitations, software designs
  • artificial intelligence, augmented reality, virtual reality.
  • terahertz and/or sub-millimeter spectroscopy, DNA segment identification, cell abnormalities, cancer identification and screening, imaging, medical and dental detection
  • infrared spectroscopy
  • identification of biological and chemical detection and fingerprinting
  • identification of hazardous, explosive, and/or dangerous materials
  • identification of chemical or biological threats
  • scalar and vector network analysis at sub-millimeter and terahertz frequencies
  • measurement techniques at sub-millimeter, millimeter, and terahertz frequencies
  • identification of organic and inorganic compounds using terahertz and/or sub-millimeter wave spectroscopy
  • high-speed and/or high-resolution spectroscopic techniques, methods, approaches
  • artificial Intelligence, augmented reality, virtual reality, etc.
  • novel approaches, systems, designs, techniques, reflection, sensitivity, applications.
Biomedical applications
  • DNA identification, burn analysis, tissue abnormality identification, pharmaceutical, dentistry, medical, clinical, commercial applications
  • cancer, burn, and/or water content detection; high sensitivity, high contrast, etc.
  • biological and/or physiological aspects and/or related effects of RF, millimeter-wave, sub-millimeter-wave and/or THz
  • artificial Intelligence, augmented reality, virtual reality, etc.
  • imaging techniques, methods, hardware design, strategies, technologies and techniques.
Communication and sensing systems
  • terahertz, RF, millimeter-wave and sub-millimeter-wave communications, media characteristics, wireless communications, inspection systems, detection systems, screening systems
  • RF, millimeter, sub-millimeter-wave and microwave links
  • RF, millimeter-wave, sub-millimeter-wave photonic communication and sensing systems
  • Internet of things (IOT) sensors, detectors and communication interfaces, protocols and implementations including but not limited to wireless sensors and wireless communications.
Imaging and security
  • RF imaging devices, components, and/or systems
  • millimeter-wave imaging devices, components, and/or systems
  • sub-millimeter-wave imaging devices, components, and/or systems
  • THz imaging devices, components, and/or systems
  • RF, millimeter-wave and sub-millimeter-wave active and passive imaging systems
  • artificial Intelligence, augmented reality, virtual reality, etc.
  • x-ray imaging including components, systems, power supplies, applications, techniques, etc.
Astronomy and space and other areas of photonics, light, and matter
  • imaging techniques, ultra-sensitive detection, applications, programs
  • artificial Intelligence, augmented reality, virtual reality, etc.
  • satellite communications
  • space based electronics and devices
  • satellite components and systems
  • space and satellite qualifications and testing
  • radiation hard electronics
  • high-energy physics and related topics
  • fusion and related topics
  • fission and related topics.
  • new or novel terahertz, RF, millimeter-wave and sub-millimeter, microwave concepts, systems, applications
  • new or novel developments in THz or sub-millimeter waves including teaching, instruction, course offerings, simulations, conceptional and/or experimental procedures, implementations, concepts, etc.
  • wearables, implantable, etc.
Power supplies and electronic power conditioners
  • high-power power supplies
  • low- and ultra-low-power power supplies
  • low-noise power supplies
  • high- and ultra-efficient power supplies
  • associated power protection systems
  • energy-efficient power supplies
  • novel designs and architectures
  • specialized power electronics
  • portable power supplies
  • power supplies tailored for photonics and/or RF, mm-wave and/or THz applications
  • power supplies for lighting applications including solid state lighting such as LEDs, OLEDs and quantum dots.
Organic electronics
  • DC and low frequency
  • high frequency
  • novel designs and architectures
  • passive and active addressable arrays
  • low power
  • modulated configurations
  • sensing, detection and/or emitting
  • organic light emitting diodes and associated electronics
  • lighting therapy using solid state lighting including OLEDs.
Infrared devices, communications, sources, sensors, detectors
  • infrared amplifiers
  • infrared imaging devices, components, and/or systems
  • infrared sources devices, components, and/or systems
  • infrared sensors, detectors and/or associated devices, components, and/or systems
  • infrared communications devices, components, and/or systems
  • infrared active and passive components and/or systems
  • infrared advances including components, systems, power supplies, applications, techniques, etc.
  • infrared applications
  • wearables
  • artificial Intelligence, augmented reality, virtual reality,

Tuesday, 19 June 2018

Terahertz pulsed imaging reveals the stratigraphy of a seventeenth-century oil painting

Locquet, A., J. Dong, M. Melis, and D. S. Citrin. "Terahertz pulsed imaging reveals the stratigraphy of a seventeenth-century oil painting." In Unconventional Optical Imaging, vol. 10677, p. 106771Z. International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018.

photograph of David CitrinTerahertz pulsed imaging has attracted considerable interest for revealing the stratigraphy and hidden features of art paintings. The reconstruction of the stratigraphy is based on the precise extraction of THz echo parameters from the reflected signals. Several historical panel paintings and wall paintings have been well studied by THz reflective imaging, in which the detailed stratigraphy has been successfully revealed. To our knowledge, however, the stratigraphy of oil paintings has not been clearly uncovered by THz imaging, since the paint layers in an oil painting on canvas, especially for the 16th and 17th century art works, are usually very thin (~10 μm) in the THz regime. Therefore, in order to improve the performance of THz imaging, advanced signal-processing techniques with higher depth-resolution are still needed. In this study, THz reflective imaging is employed to reveal for the first time the detailed stratigraphy of a 17th century Italian oil painting on canvas. The paint layers on the supporting canvas are very thin in the THz regime, as the THz echoes corresponding to the stratigraphy totally overlap in the first cycle of the reflected THz signal. THz sparse deconvolution based on an iterative shrinkage algorithm is utilized to resolve the overlapping echoes. Based on the deconvolved signals, the detailed stratigraphy of this oil painting on canvas, including the varnish, pictorial, underdrawing, and ground layers, is successfully revealed. The THz C- and B-scans based on the THz deconvolved signals also enable us to reveal the features of each layer. Our results thus enhance the capability of terahertz imaging to perform detailed analysis and diagnostics of historical oil paintings on canvas with foreseen applications for the study of the artist’s technique and for authentication.

for full paper see

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Permittivity and Loss Characterization of SUEX Epoxy films for mmW and THz Applications

Sahin, Seckin, Niru K. Nahar, and Kubilay Sertel. "Permittivity and Loss Characterization of SUEX Epoxy films for mmW and THz Applications." IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology (2018).

We present a systematic characterization of the dielectric permittivity and loss tangent of SUEX dry films for mmW and THz bands. Green and cured SUEX samples of varying thicknesses were studied using two complementary measurement techniques. First, the Nicolson-Ross-Weir technique was used in a 2-port TE10 waveguide environment for 90-140 GHz and 140- 220 GHz bands. The samples were also characterized using a transmission-mode time domain THz spectrometer over the 90 GHz-2 THz band. Real part of permittivity and loss tangent were measured to be 3.08 and 0.057, respectively for the green SUEX sample. Ultra-violet light curing reduces the permittivity and loss tangent down to 2.86 and 0.020, respectively. SUEX films can be easily laminated onto any substrate, eliminating the spin coating and long process optimizations that are required for conventional liquid resists. As such, SUEX is an easy-to-process alternative to commonly used epoxy-based resists, such as SU- 8, while exhibiting similar dielectric permittivity and material losses.

A commercial THz TDS system (TPS Spectra 3000 from TeraView, Inc.) was utilized to obtain the transmission coefficient measurements of the SUEX samples … 

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Monday, 18 June 2018

Pilot study of freshly excised breast tissue response in the 300–600 GHz range

Cassar, Quentin, Amel Al-Ibadi, Laven Mavarani, Philipp Hillger, Janusz Grzyb, Gaëtan MacGrogan, Thomas Zimmer, Ullrich R. Pfeiffer, Jean-Paul Guillet, and Patrick Mounaix. "Pilot study of freshly excised breast tissue response in the 300–600 GHz range." Biomedical Optics Express 9, no. 7 (2018): 2930-2942.

Image result for Patrick Mounaix
The failure to accurately define tumor margins during breast conserving surgery (BCS) results in a 20% re-excision rate. The present paper reports the investigation to evaluate the potential of terahertz imaging for breast tissue recognition within the underexplored 300–600 GHz range. Such a frequency window matches new BiCMOS technology capabilities and thus opens up the opportunity for near-field terahertz imaging using these devices. To assess the efficacy of this frequency band, data from 16 freshly excised breast tissue samples were collected and analyzed directly after excision. Complex refractive indices have been extracted over the as-mentioned frequency band, and amplitude frequency images show some contrast between tissue types. Principal component analysis (PCA) has also been applied to the data in an attempt to automate tissue classification. Our observations suggest that the dielectric response could potentially provide contrast for breast tissue recognition within the 300–600 GHz range. These results open the way for silicon-based terahertz subwavelength near field imager design, efficient up to 600 GHz to address ex vivo lifescience applications. 

… interface delimitation tool. 2. Methods 2.1 Acquisition set-up A commercially available TeraPulse 4000 (Teraview Ltd, Cambridge, UK), with a modified reflection geometry shown in Fig. 1, was used in this study. THz pulses are … 

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Terahertz and infrared characteristic absorption spectra of aqueous glucose and fructose solutions

Song, Chao, Wen-Hui Fan, Ling Ding, Xu Chen, Ze-You Chen, and Kai Wang. "Terahertz and infrared characteristic absorption spectra of aqueous glucose and fructose solutions." Scientific Reports 8, no. 1 (2018): 8964.

Figure 4In this paper, the terahertz (THz) and infrared (IR) characteristic absorption spectra of aqueous glucose solutions and aqueous fructose solutions with different concentrations were measured and studied. The absorption spectra of these two molecules in solid-state and in aqueous solutions were compared and analyzed, the significant effect of molecular adjacent environment on the molecular structure and vibrational mode was revealed. In addition, the THz and IR absorption spectra of these two isomers’ aqueous solutions were also compared and explored. No obvious differences were found from their IR absorption features measured at room temperature, while their THz absorption spectra do have the differences, indicating THz characteristic absorption spectra more suitable for the detection and identification of aqueous glucose and fructose solutions. The results are helpful to understand the influence of aqueous solutions environment on the molecular structures and vibrational modes of the materials, and also provide a theoretical reference for the quantum chemical calculation of biological macromolecules.

… below 1%. Experimental apparatus. The THz absorption spectra of samples were measured by using a TPS-3000 spectrometer (TeraView Ltd., UK) 22 in the range of 0.1–4.0 THz with frequency resolution of 0.03 THz. The IR.........

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